If you are undergoing fertility treatment the following health and lifestyle information will help you in reaching your goal of pregnancy and ensure the health and safety of your baby.

Folate
Folate can be taken alone or with other pre-pregnancy supplements and I recommend taking it at least 2 months prior to pregnancy and for 3 months into the pregnancy. Doing so will reduce the chance of your baby having a defect in the neural tube, such as spina bifida.

Rubella and Chicken Pox
If undergoing fertility treatment I recommend having a blood test to check your immunity to rubella and chicken pox. If you are not immune, you can be immunised to reduce the risk of infection in pregnancy.

Pap smear
It’s important to ensure your pap smears are up to date. Even if it isn’t quite due yet I would recommend having one to ensure any issues are dedicated before you start treatment.

Healthy diet
A healthy diet is important for both men and women’s fertility health. A healthy diet includes fruit and vegetables each day and good quality protein such as fish, eggs and pulses (beans, lentils etc). Including complex carbohydrates, whole grains and plenty of calcium in your diet is also important. If possible, avoid excessive additives such as colours, flavours and preservatives and try to keep to a relatively low fat diet, and to include mainly healthy fats such as olive oil. Fish oil supplements can be good for fertility and in pregnancy, and may reduce the risk of postnatal depression.

When you are pregnant its important to remember to avoid eating food that could contain listeria, which can potentially harm your unborn child. These foods include soft cheese such as feta, pate, cold meats, pre-prepared salads and raw or smoked seafood. I also recommend limiting the amounts of fish known to have high levels of mercury, such as swordfish, marlin, shark/flake, orange roughy, tuna and catfish.

Weight
Weight can affect the fertility of both men and women. If you are overweight, your body mass index (BMI) will be more than 25. The closer to BMI 25 the better and even a small reduction in weight has been proven to improve fertility. Being underweight can also affect a woman’s fertility (a BMI lower than 20) as it can affect your period. If you have any concerns around your weight and how it may be affecting your fertility I would encourage you to speak to me so we can determine the best path forward together.

Smoking
Smoking is extremely harmful to your fertility, your general health and your baby. Smoking can affect the fertility of both males and females, causing erectile dysfunction and increased DNA damage to sperm and eggs.

Alcohol
While trying to conceive and during pregnancy there are no safe levels of alcohol to consume for a woman. Ideally men should keep their alcohol consumption to a minimum and follow current safe drinking guidelines which are an average of 2 drinks per day maximum, with several alcohol free days each week and no more than 4 standard drinks in one session.

Fitness
Both men and women’s fertility will benefit from being fit and as a woman this will also benefit you during pregnancy. It’s also important to ensure you’re undertaking exercise that’s appropriate for your level of fitness and to avoid intense or high impact exercise if you’re trying to conceive.

Caffeine
Both men and women ideally need to consume less than 200mg of caffeine a day, which equals a maximum of 1 to 2 coffees or glasses of cola/energy drinks, or 2 to 3 teas. Chocolate also contains caffeine. If you need to cut down, I recommend doing so slowly to reduce the impact of withdrawal symptoms.

Emotional Health
Maintaining a positive state of mind also improves your health and well-being. A degree of stress in life is inevitable, but how you deal with it is important. If you are struggling emotionally it’s really important to express those feelings and I would encourage you to always be open with me about how you’re feeling. By doing so I can ensure you receive the emotional support you need.

Heat
If you are trying to conceive or undergoing fertility treatment I recommend avoiding excessive heat from saunas and spas. It’s also important that men avoid situations where their scrotal area is unable to keep cooler than the rest of the body – keep laptops on the desk and off the lap.

如果你在生育治疗的过程中,下面的健康和生活方式的信息会对你受孕有帮助,并确保宝宝的健康和安全。 叶酸 叶酸可以单独服用或者和其他孕期保健品一起服用。我建议叶酸在怀孕前至少2个月开始服用,一直持续到怀孕3个月以后。这么做可以降低婴儿神经管缺陷的几率,比如脊裂。 风疹和水痘 如果你在不孕治疗中,我推荐做个抽血检查来检验你对风疹和水痘的免疫情况。如果你没有免疫能力,你可以及时注射疫苗来降低怀孕中感染的风险。 巴氏图片检查 按时做巴氏图片检查很重要。即使检查时间还未到,我仍然建议做一次检查,以确定你在开始治疗前身体一切没有问题。 健康饮食 健康饮食对男女的生育健康是很重要的。健康饮食包括每天足够的水果好蔬菜;高质量的蛋白比如鱼,蛋,豆类。还包括饮食中碳水化合物;全麦产品和大量的含钙食物都非常重要。尽可能减少食物添加剂的食用,比如色素,调味剂和防腐剂;并且尽量保持相对的低脂饮食,包括主要的健康脂肪的食用比如橄榄油。鱼油保健品对生育和怀孕有益,可以减少产后抑郁的几率。 当你怀孕,非常重要的是记住避免食用含有李斯特菌(Listeria)的食物。它可以潜在影响孕期胎儿的健康,这些食物包括松软的奶酪比如 Feta, Pate,冷肉,事先准备好的沙拉,还有生的和烟熏的海鲜。 同时推荐尽量少食含汞多的鱼类,比如箭鱼,马林鱼,鲨鱼,片鱼,鲑鱼,金枪鱼还有鲢鱼。 体重 体重可以影响男性和女性的生育能力,如果你超重,BMI身体测量指标值会超过25。越靠近BMI值25 就越健康,甚至是少量的减重也证明了其可以提高生育能力。体重过低(BMI值少于20)也可以影响女性的生育能力,因为这会影响月经周期。如果你有任何关于体重和其他影响你生育能力的问题我会鼓励你来咨询,然后我们可以一起决定最好的解决方式。 抽烟 抽烟对生育,身体健康和婴儿相当有害。抽烟可以影响到男女的生育能力,导致勃起障碍,增加卵子和精子的DNA损害。 酒精 当中受孕和怀孕期间,饮酒的量并没有一个安全的标准。男士应保持最低的饮酒量,并遵循目前健康饮酒的标准,一般每天平均最多不超过2杯,并尽量保持每周有几天是不喝酒的,而且每次喝酒不要超过4杯。 运动 男女保持健康运动对生育健康都有帮助,对女性的怀孕期间也有帮助,所以保持适当的锻炼对你的健康有益,但避免高强度的运动。 咖啡因 无论男女最理想的是每天不要饮用超饮用过200毫克的咖啡因。这意味着差不多每天1-2杯的咖啡或者可乐、能量饮料,2-3杯的茶。巧克力也含有咖啡因,如果你需要减量,我建议慢慢减少饮用量来缓解戒断症状的影响。 心理健康 保持乐观的心态也会促进你的健康状况。一定程度的压力是不可避免的,但你怎么处理压力是很重要的。如果你在情绪上有压力,那么排解这些压力很重要。我会鼓励你把你的感受告诉我,我会尽量根据你的情况给你提供尽可能多的情绪支持。 温度 如果你在尝试怀孕或在受孕治疗过程中,我建议你尽量避免桑拿和SPA中过高的温度。同时对男士来说,很重要的是避免阴囊受热,阴囊比起身体的其他部位更敏感更不容易散热,请把手提电脑放在桌上并远离膝部。