Ovarian reserve refers to the number of viable eggs that are left in a woman’s ovaries. Women are born with their lifetime supply of eggs and the quality of these eggs slowly declines as they get older with the quality starting to rapidly decline from 35 years onwards.
Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is a hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles), so the level of AMH in a woman’s blood can be a good indicator of ovarian reserve.
The AMH test can provide an indication of ovarian reserve and therefore the number of fertile years a woman has remaining. However, it doesn’t provide any information about the quality of the eggs. Unlike some tests that need to occur at specific times of the cycle, AMH can be tested at any time during the month through a blood sample.
There are a number of reasons I will recommend a patient of mine has an AMH Test. This includes if you’ve been trying to conceive for over six months and haven’t achieved pregnancy, if you’re considering IVF or other fertility treatment, if you’ve had chemotherapy or ovarian/endometrial surgery, if your mum had menopause at an early age, or if you know you would like to have children in the future and would like to empower yourself with information regarding your fertility health.